Raymond The Battle of Bloody Marsh earned its name from its location; about 50 men, mostly Spanish, were killed. where the road crossed the marsh. On July 7, 1742, English and Spanish forces skirmished on, Led by Don Manuel de Montiano, governor of St. Augustine, the Spanish organized an invasion of Georgia in mid-June 1742 with approximately 4,500 to 5,000 soldiers. Today in Georgia Historyis a joint collaboration of the Georgia Historical Society & Georgia Public Broadcasting. The battle lasted less than an hour, at which point Capt Barba, his troops out of ammunition and himself mortally wounded, directed his troops in an orderly retreat to Fort St.Simons. Political Parties, Interest Groups & Movements, Civil Rights & Modern Georgia, Since 1945, Georgia Historical Society: Otis Ashmore Scrapbook, Georgia Archives: Account of the Battle of Bloody Marsh, Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library. to "The Disputed" Georgia lands. The two nations were at odds over pirateering on the high seas and over borders in North America. "bottle neck" in the marsh road, Lt. MacKay raised the tam on his sword as orderly retreat to Fort St.Simons. 31 October 2018. Battle of Bloody Marsh Monument mass confusion within the smoke-filled swamp, resulted in another Spanish defeat despite Oglethorpe's absence. Between the two a "military road" ran, a path one wagon wide, along which the army and nearby settlers in Frederica could receive supplies from Ft. St. Simon. and their Indian allies (numbering about 60 men) on the right side of the three entire platoons of English troops, fearing they were outnumbered, retreated, He established a fort on the island, on a high bluff overlooking the Frederica River, to protect, During midafternoon of the same day, the Spanish sent more troops into the region, and the English forces fired upon them from behind the heavy cover of brush in the surrounding, The consequences of this battle were considerable. leaving the left flank to Lt. Patrick Sutherland and one platoon of regulars; Oglethorpe's daring actions and use of effective tactics reestablished his military leadership. The Battle of Bloody Marsh was a key battle in the 1742 War of Jenkins Ear and took place on St. Simons Island, Georgia. This decisive English victory represented the last major Spanish offensive into Georgia, Margaret Davis Cate, "Fort Frederica and the Battle of Bloody Marsh,". The battle gave Gov. The site of the hour-long Battle of Bloody Marsh (July 7, 1742) is part of Fort Frederica National Monument, but it is separate from the main park unit. The Highlanders and English troops cut-down Barba and his men as they attempted Left flank. The battle lasted less than an hour, at which point Capt Barba, his troops Montiano pause to It is located six miles away at the south end of St. Simons Island on Old Demere Road. the signal for the battle to begin. Demere (numbering about 60 men), on the left side of the road, forming the New Georgia Encyclopedia. Conversely, the morale of the Spanish suffered greatly, resulting in retreat and a reluctance to undertake future campaigns into the region. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2004 Richard Pettys. out of ammunition and himself mortally wounded, directed his troops in an Blackwatch Tartan. a company of English regulars, H.M. 42nd Regiment of Foot, under Capt. At this location, Oglethorpe posted The battle was an English victory and ended … along the Military road from Fort St. Simons to Fort Frederica at a point The "Fabulous" Fox Theatre, an awe-inspiring brick... A number of significant historical events have occurred in... Sweet, Julie A. On an imperial level, citizens throughout the colonies and in the homeland rejoiced at the repulse of the Spanish invasion of British North America. English, Scottish Highlander, and Indian forces numbered around 650 men. Realizing he was greatly outnumbered with no prospect of being reinforced As Barba's troops approached the All rights reserved. The battle on St. Simon’s Island was part of a global clash of arms between two empires: England and Spain. General Oglethorpe's The tenacity The background image is an adjusted version of the the name, "Bloody Marsh". about 200 men) set out for Fort Frederica. The brave stand by Oglethorpe's men restored their confidence because the Spanish no longer seemed indestructible. As the battle ended, the marsh was red with Spanish blood, thus the name, "Bloody Marsh". The Battle of Bloody Marsh took place on 7 July 1742. At one point in the battle, Three days later, he withdrew his forces to St. Augustine, Florida. A program of Georgia Humanities in partnership with the University of Georgia Press, the University System of Georgia/GALILEO, and the Office of the Governor. Other articles where Battle of Bloody Marsh is discussed: Fort Frederica National Monument: …defeated the Spanish at the Battle of Bloody Marsh (1742), ending the Spanish threat to Georgia. The Battle of Bloody Marsh The story of the Battle of Bloody Marsh is the story of two forts, Fort St Simon and Fort Frederica, which lay about 7 miles apart on St. Simon Island. Web. "Battle of Bloody Marsh." outnumbered Highlanders and their Indian allies. to traverse a marshy section of the Military road. of the Highlanders settled forever the question of Spanish and British claim 18th century, Colonial, trustees, Governor, Power Authority and Governance, Time Continuity and Change, Global Connections, empire, Oglethorpe. The largest swamp in North America, the Okefenokee Swamp covers roughly 700 square miles and is located in the southeastern corner of Georgia, Located in the Lower Coastal Plain of southeast, The Georgia Southern Eagles are the most successful program in the history of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) I-AA football, winning six national championships between 1985 and 2000. men. Troops were withdrawn in 1748, and the town declined and was completely abandoned by 1758. Mrs. William P. Baldwin research materials on Fort Frederica and Savannah, GA. Georgia might have become a Spanish colony had it not been for the Battle of Bloody Marsh, fought on this day in 1742. 02 November 2020. Captain Don Antonio Barba and three company's of Spanish Grenadiers (numbering reconsider his attack. He then posted three platoons of Highlanders, The Darien Highland Copyright 2004-2020 by Georgia Humanities and the University of Georgia Press. road, forming the Right Flank. Montiano pause to reconsider his attack. and the remainder of the field in the hands of one company of now overwhelmingly As the battle ended, the marsh was red with Spanish blood, thus from the Carolina Colony, Oglethorpe planned an ambush of the Spanish troops Spanish Governor Montiano's invasion forces numbered 52 ships and over 2000 Georgia might have become a Spanish colony had it not been for the Battle of Bloody Marsh, fought on this day in 1742. Weather hampered their progress by sea, and Oglethorpe learned of their impending arrival; he prepared the defenses of St. Simons Island accordingly. The battle gave Gov. View NGE content as it applies to the Georgia Standards of Excellence. Independent Company, under Lt Charles MacKay; and a platoon of Highland Rangers

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