Perseus was returning from carrying out his oath to kill the Gorgon, Medusa. As is so often the case with Chinese constellations, the identities of the stars are obscure. Hsi returned from the hunt, complaining that Wangliang was the worst charioteer in the world. Classical authors spell her name Cassiepeia, from the original Greek Κασσιέπεια, but Cassiopeia is the form used by astronomers. Introduction to Constellations | Constellation Sources | Constellations Index. Germanicus Caesar described Cassiopeia thus: ‘Her face contorted in agony, she stretches out her hands as if bewailing abandoned Andromeda, unjustly atoning for the sin of her mother,’ and this is how she is drawn in early manuscripts illustrating the works of Aratus and Hyginus. Instead, three stars of the W formed part of a group called Wangliang, commemorating a legendary Chinese charioteer of that name. We now know that the interloper was actually a supernova, the explosion of a massive star at the end of its life. The five main stars making up the familiar W of Cassiopeia are here labelled F, E, D, B, G.  One of the 48 Greek constellations listed by Ptolemy in the, Cassiopeia was the vain and boastful wife of King Cepheus of Ethiopia, who stands next to her in the sky. Cassiopeia or Cassiepeia, a figure in Greek mythology, was queen of Aethiopia and wife of king Cepheus. In the sky, Cassiopeia is depicted sitting on her throne. Farther north, at the very entrance to the Central Palace, were Huagai and Gang, two related groups of stars that represented the Emperor’s gilded canopy for processions and its support. The ‘new star’ is the large symbol at the top, labelled I. This video is targeted to blind users. The story behind the name: Cassiopeia is named after the queen of a country on the northern coast of Africa, Aethiopia (not modern Ethiopia). The other two stars of the W (Delta and Epsilon Cassiopeiae) were part of a chain of six stars called Gedao running from Iota Cassiopeiae in the north via Theta and Nu to Omicron Cassiopeiae in the south. Bowing to their request, the sea god sent a monster to ravage the coast of King Cepheus’s country. She was rescued by the hero Perseus who had seen her chained to the cliff and had fallen instantly in love with her. Cassiopeia was one of the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd-century Greek astronomer Ptolemy, and it remains one of the 88 modern constellations today. Perseus offered to kill the sea monster and rescue Andromeda in return for her hand in marriage. However, from Dürer’s chart of 1515 onwards she was portrayed not with her arms outstretched but holding aloft a palm frond in one hand. Alpha Cassiopeiae is called Schedar, from the Arabic al-sadr meaning ‘the breast’, where Ptolemy said it lay. Although the W shape of Cassiopeia seems obvious to us, Chinese star charts showed no sign of it. Origin: One of the 48 Greek constellations listed by Ptolemy in the Almagest, Greek name: Κασσιέπεια (Kassiepeia). She has been portrayed in various ways throughout her history in Persian, French and Chinese mythology. In some versions of the myth, Cassiopeia summoned Agenor, who rushed into the wedding party with armed men. The mythologists interpreted the indignity of this celestial fairground ride as part of her punishment from the gods, who made her a figure of fun. On Hevelius’s atlas of 1690 it appeared at the end of the left hand of Cepheus. The modern constellation Cassiopeia lies across two of the quadrants symbolized by the Black Tortoise of the North (北方玄武, Běi Fāng Xuán Wǔ), The White Tiger of the West (西方白虎, Xī Fāng Bái Hǔ) and Three Enclosures (三垣, Sān Yuán), that divide the sky in traditional Chinese uranography. Supernova 1572 in Cassiopeia from Tycho Brahe’s De nova et nullius ævi memoria prius visa stella (1573). Impressed, Hsi asked Wangliang to be his full-time charioteer. De nova et nullius ævi memoria prius visa stella. Cassiopeia ( pronunciation) is a constellation in the northern sky, named after the vain queen Cassiopeia in Greek mythology, who boasted about her unrivaled beauty. Thetis, and Poseidon's wife Amphitrite (an alternate sea goddess), were also Nereids, so Cassiopeia's boast was an insult to the gods. Cassiopeia is a constellation in the northern sky, named after the vain queen Cassiopeia in Greek mythology, who boasted about her unrivaled beauty. The name of the western constellation in modern Chinese is 仙后座 (xiān hòu zuò), meaning "the immortal queen constellation". Older Chinese charts depicted this as a fan-shaped group: a line of four stars (Gamma, Eta, Alpha, and Zeta Cassiopeiae) represented the team of horses and a fifth, Beta, was Wangliang himself. Mythology. Huagai consisted of seven stars and Gang nine, the brightest of them being 4th-magnitude 50 Cassiopeiae. Cassiopeia was the vain and boastful wife of King Cepheus of Ethiopia, who stands next to her in the sky. Amphitrite and her sisters appealed to Poseidon to punish Cassiopeia for her vanity. Her long-suffering husband Cepheus alongside her endured the same fate. The parentage of Cassiopeia is more difficult to differentiate, though most often, but still rarely, Cassiopeia is considered to be a daughter of the Oceanid Zeuxo, possibly by Coronus. To appease the monster, Cepheus and Cassiopeia chained their daughter Andromeda to a rock as a sacrifice, but Andromeda was saved from the monster’s jaws by the hero Perseus in one of the most famous rescue stories in history. The constellation was also identified by the Egyptians (associated with an evil god), the Chinese (a charioteer), and the Celts (home of the king of the Fairies). This brought the wrath of Poseidon, ruling god of the sea, upon the kingdom of Ethi… With her other hand she is either holding a robe or fussing with her hair, as in the illustration here.

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