It has four flats. Because of this, it is sometimes referred to as Ionian b3 scale. Here’s the F natural minor scale on piano. It also shows the scale degree names for all 8 notes. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. This step tries to give assign names to the piano keys identified in the previous step, so that they can be written on a note staff in the Solution section. The main three-note and four-note chords that are related to this scale are the following: The tones in these chords correspond to the tones of the F Melodic Minor scale. All rights reserved. The relative major of F minor is Ab major. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Major 2nd: G is the 2nd note of the scale. Use notes from the scale in the diagram above. This melodic minor scale is based on the natural minor scale with the same key / tonic note - F natural minor scale. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Melodic Minor Scales. While the harmonic minor scale raises only the seventh note of the natural minor scale by a half step, the melodic minor scale raises both the sixth and seventh notes by a half step. Chord iv: Bb minor. © 2009-2020 column shows the melodic minor scale note names. Its notes are G – Bb – Db. The rule ensures that every position of a staff is used once and once only - whether that position be a note in a space, or a note on a line. Fingerings (Left Hand ): 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1, Fingerings (Right Hand): 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 3, 4. The numbered notes are those that might be used when building this note scale. The F Melodic Minor scale consists of seven notes. “M” is used as an abbreviation instead for “maj” in the third column. Let’s start on F and move a whole step to G. From G move a half step to Ab. The Solution below shows the F melodic minor scale notes, intervals and scale degrees on the piano, treble clef and bass clef. The scale displayed with its numeric formula, intervals and scale degrees. Every white or black key could have a flat(b) or sharp(#) accidental name, depending on how that note is used. Chords in the key of F minor. The harmonic minor scale raises the seventh note of the natural minor scale by a half-step, when ascending and descending the scale. The notes of the F minor scale as we’ve seen are F, G, A♭, B♭, C, D♭, and E♭. The melodic minor scale is almost the same as the natural minor with two exception that the sixth and seventh tones are raised by a semitone when the scale is ascending. The Melodic Minor Scale is defined by the following scale degrees: 1 2 ♭3 4 5 6 7. Perfect 5th: C is the 5th note of the scale. All about the key of Fm and its chords. For ascending scale notes, the difference between the F melodic minor scale and the F natural minor scale is that the 6th and 7th note positions of the minor scale are raised by one half-tone / semitone. Perfect 4th: The 4th note of the scale is Bb. It does this because in this scale, the 7th note is only 1 half-tone / semitone away from the 8th note - the octave note. Its notes are Eb – G – Bb. Be sure to check out the Piano For All piano lessons. To apply this rule, firstly list the white key names starting from the tonic, which are shown the White column below. From Db, we move up one whole step to Eb. These note names are shown below on the treble clef followed by the bass clef. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. The scale is identical with the Major scale apart from the minor third. In this case, the 7th note is called the subtonic. Or, Alternatively by the following intervals: w-h-w-w-w-w-h *w=whole step // h=half step* The only difference between the Melodic Minor Scale and the Major Scale is the third scale degree. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Tonic: F is the 1st note of the F natural minor scale. In a later step, if sharp or flat notes are used, the exact accidental names will be chosen. Tonic: The 1st note of the F melodic minor scale is F. Major 2nd: The … Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. F#) or a flat(eg. First, let’s define the melodic minor scale. The descending formula is the natural minor scale formula backwards. The tonic note (shown as *) is the starting point and is always the 1st note in the melodic minor scale. This scale consists of the pitches, F, G, A♭, B♭, C, D♭, and E♭. Let’s now take a look at the F harmonic minor scale. This step shows the white and black note names on a piano keyboard so that the note names are familiar for later steps, and to show that the note names start repeating themselves after 12 notes. The F Melodic Minor is one of three F Minor scales, the other two are F Natural Minor and F Harmonic Minor. The Lesson steps then describe how to identify the F melodic minor scale note interval positions, choose the note names and scale degree names. Here’s the F harmonic minor scale on the treble clef. This scale is also some kind of peculiar since it is sometimes played differently ascending and descending. The F major scale and F harmonic minor scale scales share the same property - they both have only one half-tone / semitone between the 7th and 8th notes. In the melodic minor scale, the 7th note is called the leading note or leading tone because the sound of the 7th note feels like it wants to resolve and finish at the octave note, when all scale notes are played in sequence. Start the audio and play along! The melodic minor scale is a seven note scale. Scale degree names 1,2,3,4,5,6, and 8 below are always the same for all major and minor scales (ie. Minor 3rd: Ab is the 3rd note of the scale. This descending note variation is mostly used in non-classical music eg. Let’s now take a look at the chords in the key of F minor. Chord i: F minor. Its notes are Bb – Db – F. Chord v: C minor. The Melodic Minor Scale differs from the Natural Minor Scale by the sixth and seventh notes, which are raised a semi-step. For each of the 7 notes, look across and try to find the White note name in the Scale note name. The F Melodic Minor scale consists of seven notes. These are based on common ways to play the chord, but there are other alternatives. Remember that for the melodic minor scale, when descending, you play the natural minor scale. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Let’s try this with the F minor scale. It’s my favorite online course for learning how to play piano. The audio files below play every note shown on the piano above, so middle C (marked with an orange line at the bottom) is the 2nd note heard. Its notes are Db – F – Ab. Jazz, but is occasionally used in classical. Minor keys and their relative major make use of the same notes. What is the difference between the F melodic minor scale and the F natural minor scale ? The melodic minor scale uses the  W-H-W-W-W-W-H  note counting rule to identify the scale note positions. , but obviously the note names will be different for each scale / key combination. The first variation for descending notes is to just reverse the ascending notes and note names as shown below. Finally, we move a whole step from Eb to F. What are the fingerings for the F minor scale? Major 7th: The 7th note of the scale is Eb. The notes of the F melodic minor scale ascending are: F – G – A♭- B♭- C – D – E – F. The notes of the B melodic minor scale descending are: F – G – A♭- B♭- C – D♭- E♭- F. The formula for a melodic minor scale is W-H-W-W-W-W-H. Classical music: When you go up the scale, you are using the Melodic Minor Scale, but when you go down the scale you are using the Natural Minor … For example, the notes of the F natural minor scale are  F – G – A♭- B♭- C – D♭- E♭- F. For the F harmonic minor scale, the notes are F – G – A♭- B♭- C – D♭- E – F. The seventh note of the scale has been changed from Eb to E. It’s now a half step (or semitone) higher. Amazon has a wide range of affordable keyboards and accessories. This step shows the F melodic minor scale on the piano, treble clef and bass clef, using the. Its notes are F – Ab – C. Chord ii: G diminished. For this scale, you raise the sixth and seventh notes by a half step as you go up the scale and then return to the natural minor as you go down the scale. Here’s the F# harmonic minor scale on the bass clef. So whereas the F natural minor scale has notes Db, Eb for the 6th and 7th notes, these notes are raised to arrive at notes D, E for this melodic minor scale. The second variation for descending notes is to use the descending notes from the F natural minor scale, as shown below. The formula for forming a harmonic minor scale is W-H-W-W-H-W 1/2-H. Here’s a diagram of the F harmonic minor scale on piano. You can memorize this formula to form any natural minor scale: whole step – half step – whole step – whole step – half step – whole step – whole step or w – h – w – w – h – w – w. (A whole step skips a key while a half step moves to the next key.) Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. To learn more about this scale and others, check out my course, Learn Scales & Music Theory & Give Yourself An Upper Hand. The F-sharp melodic minor scale has 5 sharps. The 8th note - the octave note, will have the same name as the first note, the tonic note. The 7 unique notes in a scale need to be named such that each letter from A to G is used once only, so each note name is either a natural white name(A.. G) , a sharp(eg. This step shows the notes when descending the F melodic minor scale, going from the highest note sound back to the starting note, using the natural minor scale descending notes. Chord VII: Eb major. To count up a Half-tone (semitone), count up from the last note up by one physical piano key, either white or black.

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