JJohn Dryden was an influential English poet, literary critic, translator, and playwright who dominated the literary life of Restoration England to such a point that the period came to be known in literary circles as the Age of Dryden. Erst sein zu diesem Anlass verfasstes Gedicht Astraea redux machte ihn in größerem Umfang bekannt. Along with his wide-ranging criticism of epic, poetry, plays, etc., he also wrote plays, prefaces, prologues. Dryden's Satires : John Dryden is the greatest name in Restoration satires. Ab etwa 1680 konzentrierte Dryden sich auf die Dichtung unter meisterhaften Nutzung des gereimten Couplets, wobei er auch weiterhin Bühnenwerke verfasste und einige Libretti schrieb. The poetry of Dryden possesses all the characteristics of the Restoration Age and is thoroughly representative of that age. He believes that we have nothing new to offer except calling our wit to be superior. John Dryden was a major essayist of the English literary tradition. Er ebnete den Weg für die Restaurationskomödie – am bekanntesten ist Marriage A-la-Mode – wie auch für die heroische Tragödie und die klassische Tragödie, in der All for Love (1677) sein größter Erfolg war. The poetry of Dryden can be divided into three heads-Political satires, Doctrinal poems, and The Fables. Dryden is, however, more important in the history of English poetry for his satirical verses. However, there are four characters in the essay: Eugenius, Crites, Lisideius, and Neander, which are originally identified as Charles Sackville, who was a patron of Dryden and poet himself, Sir Robert Howard, Dryden’s brother-in-law, Sir Charles Sedley, and Neander, Dryden himself, respectively. The essay shows a shift in the definition of drama from classical to modern with Lisideius defining it. John Dryden was born into a Puritan family. Walter Scott called him "Glorious John." John Dryden graduated Westminster School as a King's Scholar where Dr. Richard Busby, was his headmaster. in Aldwincle; 1. Während der nächsten zehn Jahre schrieb er hauptsächlich für die Bühne. Dual Character of our Language It is this old vigorous Anglo-Saxon language which forms the basis of our modern English. After William Shakespeare and Ben Jonson, he was the greatest playwright. Er besuchte die Westminster School und das Trinity College in Cambridge. They are uninspired and stiff but they show force and metrical dexterity. Throughout his lengthy, varied career, Dryden fashioned a vital, concise, and refined language that served as a foundation for the writers of English prose and verse who followed him. 8:47. Summary of … Unit 2: John Dryden‎ > ‎ ... Dryden carried out his critical thoughts effectively, stating his own ideas but leaving some room for difference of opinion. John Dryden (9 August 1631 – 12 May 1700) was an influential English poet, literary critic, translator, and playwright who dominated the literary life of Restoration England to such a point that the period came to be known in literary circles as the Age of Dryden. His works are so praiseworthy that Samuel Johnson, a contemporary of Dryden and himself a major critic, called him ‘the father of English criticism” along with commenting that English prose starts with Dryden’s Essay on Dramatic Poesy. Johnsons Bemerkung, dass Dryden „die Sprache verfeinert, den Ausdruck vertieft und die Melodie der englischen Poesie neu gestimmt hat“, kennzeichnet die Auffassung des 18. Darüber hinaus schrieb er wichtige Essays über das Drama, das längste und wohl beste ist das Essay of Dramatick Poesie von 1668. August 1631greg. Westminster School had a religious and a political quintessence that encouraged royalism and high Anglicanism through instructing the pupils in the rhetorical analysis and art and through teaching them to engage in arguments. He was made Poet Laureate in 1668. Definition• Neoclassicism comprised a return to the classical models, literary styles, and values of ancient Greek and Roman authors.• Neoclassicism refers to a broad tendency in literature and art enduring from the early seventeenth century until around 1750. Characteristics of Neoclassicism • Nature of Literature: • The neoclassical writers reaffirmed literary composition as a rational and rule-bound process, requiring a great deal of craft, labor, and study. Dryden ist in der Westminster Abbey begraben. Youth and education Seine Gedichte wurden unter anderem von Alexander Pope und Samuel Johnson als Vorbilder genutzt. Weitere wichtige Werke aus dieser Schaffensperiode sind die religiösen Gedichte Religio Laici (1682) und The Hind and the Panther (1687). Other … Read this document for detailed analysis. eustace budgell, « prÉface aux caractÈre de thÉophraste » (1714) william kenrick, « prÉface À eloisa » (1761) william mason, « prÉface À the art of painting » (1783) 19e siècle. Er übersetzte unter anderem Werke von Horaz, Juvenal, Ovid, Lukrez und Theokrit. And he has no peer as a writer of prose, especially literary criticism, and as a translator. Mac Flecknoe. zwanzig Jahre später innehatte. In November, 1681, Dryden began, in the first part of "Absalom and Achitophel", the series of satires in the rhymed couplet which placed him at the head of English satirical poets. Hauptwerke dieser Schaffensphase sind die Übertragung des Gesamtwerks von Vergil (1697) und Fables, Ancient and Modern (1700), eine Sammlung von Übersetzungen von Homer, Ovid, Boccaccio und modernisierten Adaptionen von Geoffrey Chaucer. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 8. Absalom and Achitophel. A mention of delight, humour and representation of human nature are found missing in the classical definition of drama. A high percentage of the satire written in the 1670s is personal, heated and abusive, and Mac Flecknoe – Dryden’s first major satire – is no exception. Am erfolgreichsten waren seine satirischen Gedichte: das pseudo-heroische MacFlecknoe, in dem er Thomas Shadwell (* um 1642; † 1692) angriff, und Absalom and Achitophel, eine gegen die Whigs gerichtete politische Satire. Birthplace: Aldwinkle, Northamptonshire, England Location of death: London, England Cause of death: unspecified Remains: Buried, We. Obwohl seine frühen Theaterstücke, meist Tragödien, sehr unterschiedlichen Erfolg hatten, machten sie Dryden und seine royalistischen Einstellungen bekannt. https://neoclassical-poetry.bloomyebooks.com/p/john-dryden.html 1662 wurde Dryden als Fellow in die Royal Society aufgenommen. Education wire 30,686 views. John Dryden (* 9. After John Donne and John Milton, John Dryden was the greatest English poet of the 17th century. John Dryden's Plays. August 1631greg. Dezember 2020 um 20:43 Uhr bearbeitet. The poem tells the Biblical tale of the rebellion of Absalom against King David; in this context it is an allegory used to represent a story contemporary to Dryden, concerning King Charles II and the Exclusion Crisis (1679–1681). Als er nach dem Tode seines Vaters während Cromwells Herrschaft nach London kam, versuchte er mit den republikanischen Kontakten seiner Familie Geld zu verdienen (sein Cousin war einer der Richter im Verfahren gegen Karl I. Jahrhundert nahm Drydens Bedeutung ab; trotz des Interesses von Persönlichkeiten wie T. S. Eliot wird er bis heute unterschätzt. Mai 1700greg. John Dryden † Catholic Encyclopedia John Dryden Poet, dramatist, critic, and translator; b. After John Donne and John Milton, John Dryden was the greatest English poet of the 17th century. Da Dryden ein Meister der gereimten Prologe und Epiloge war, verfasste er diese oft auch für die Stücke anderer Dramatiker. It is characteristic of the unfair attitude taken by Dryden's enemies that this cowardly assault was held by them to reflect upon his character. Das Vorwort der Fables wird sowohl als Hauptwerk der Literaturkritik wie auch als eines der besten englischen Essays betrachtet. Dryden, in his support of English drama, doesn’t refute any claim made by Lisideius in favour of the French; on the other hand, argues that all that is considered erroneous in the English drama is actually a virtue that surpasses traditional techniques. 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