In accordance with the plan, Sons of Qurayza Jews wanted seventy people from the notables of the polytheists as hostages; they rejected it as Nuaym instructed them. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Violent winds blew out the camp fires, taking away from the Confederate army their source of heat. "For something I did," she answered. [44]Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, Musnad, Vol. We could not break it. The Prophet said, “Allahu Akbar! "Why?" I swear by God that I see the gates of Sana now!”[10], All of the conquests informed by the Messenger of God took place during the periods of Hazrat Umar and Hazrat Uthman. they came on you from above you and from below you, and behold, the eyes became dim and the hearts gaped up to the throats, and ye imagined various (vain) thoughts about Allah! He considered that we need, based on the lessons of the Battle of Al-Khandaq, people like Salman Al-Farisi to provide new ideas and people who are not afraid of death and who are as courageous as Imam Ali (a.s.). The Battle of the Trench (Arabic: غزوة الخندق‎, romanized: Ghazwat al-Khandaq), also known as the Battle of Khandaq (Arabic: معركة خندق‎, romanized: Ma’rakah al-Khandaq) and the Battle of the Confederates (Arabic: غزوة الاحزاب‎, romanized: Ghazwat al-Ahzab), was a 27-day-long defence by Muslims of Yathrib (now Medina) from Arab and Jewish tribes. [34]Ibn Hisham, ibid, Vol. This entry was posted on May 4, 2009 at 9:08 pm and is filed under Uncategorized. Hazrat Abu Bakr was with him. Madinah had been surrounded by enemies. Let us ask them whether we are Muhammad is on the right way or.”, Thereupon, Abu Sufyan said to them, “O Congregation of Jews! Failure of siege; decisive Muslim victory. [5] The number of the horses and camels of the other tribes that consisted of six thousand people was not known. The negotiations were broken off. He said. You are the first people to whom the first heavenly book was sent. We cannot even answer the call of the nature due to our fear! They realized how strong the believers were and that it would not be easy to defeat Muslims from then on as a result of the battles of Badr, Uhud and Handaq. They were aware of the fact that they could not stop the Islamic development, could not prevent Muslims from increasing day by day and could not stop the Messenger of God from enlarging his area of influence although they had won the Battle of Uhud. [4] The sight of the vast Confederate armies, surging over the land with soldiers and horses as far as the eye could see, swung the Qurayza opinion in the favour of the Confederacy. At night, Gabriel came to the Prophet and gave him the good news that the enemy army would be scattered by a wind. call to mind the favor of Allah to you when there came down upon you hosts, so We sent against them a strong wind and hosts, that you saw not, and Allah is Seeing what you do. Thus, they agreed to walk against Madinah and to eliminate the movement of belief and Islam that was led by the Messenger of God in its own place. The Jewish delegate, who could do all kinds of meanness for their evil intentions prostrated before the idols at once. [34] So tense was the situation that, for the first time, the canonical daily prayers were neglected by the Muslim community. One third of the rock was broken. They lost hope as chances of success dwindled, uninterested in continuing the siege. Kister, "The Massacre of the Banu Quraiza", pp. Is that right?”, Then, Hazrat Ali said, “Then, I call you to believe in God and His Messenger and to accept Islam.”, This time, Hazrat Ali said, “Then, give up fighting us and go back to your country!”, Amr said, “I promised what I promised and prohibited myself from wearing oil and perfume until I took my revenge.”, Then, Hazrat Ali said, “In that case, get ready to fight!”, Amr laughed loudly and said, “I never thought there would be anyone among Arabs who would want to fight me like a hero!” Then, he said, “You are a valiant young man. The Messenger of God said, “O Ali! Battle of Khandaq Write what you understand about this battle and what lessons we can take from this. 5-The enemy knew that they would have to come up with an alternate plan and that’s what they did next. It went on like that until all Companions ate and were full. The Sunni Muslim Mufassir Ibn Kathir mentions that [Quran 33:10–22 (Translated by Yusuf Ali)] is about this incident in his book Tafsir ibn Kathir, and his commentary on this verse mentions the reason and event of the Battle, his commentary is as follows: Allah tells us of the blessings and favors He bestowed upon His believing servants when He diverted their enemies and defeated them in the year when they gathered together and plotted. [50] The Meccans had exerted their utmost strength to dislodge Muhammad from Medina, and this defeat caused them to lose their trade with Syria and much of their prestige with it. While leaving them, Nuaym said, “Never tell anyone about what I told you; keep it as a secret!” They promised to keep it as a secret. Only the sword can settle the problem between you and us!”. 1-The battle of trench took place in 5 A.H. Others see the punishment as a response to what was perceived as an act of treason by the Qurayza since they betrayed their joint defence pact with Muhammad by giving aid and comfort to the enemies of the Muslims. O God! No one dared to face him except Imam Ali (a.s.), and Wid's death was a turning point in the battle. Meanwhile, Sons of Qurayza sent Huyayy b. Ahtab to the Qurayshis and asked for one hundred people from polytheists and one hundred people from Ghatafan in order to attack Madinah at night. (33:25), The Sayyed then concluded: “When you are with the right and support your stand with power, you have to expect that those who are hurt would unite, forgetting all about their differences just to fight you. 2, p. 147-150. Both parties were ready to watch this great fight. Because of his pact with the Qurayza, he had not bothered to make defensive preparations along the Muslims' border with the tribe. The Messenger of God worked very hard without taking into consideration the dust, hot weather and hunger; sometimes, the Muslims said,   “O Messenger of God! When Jabir was about to leave the house, his wife said, “Do not make me embarrassed in the presence of the Messenger of God and the people near him”, implying that the food was not enough. What is coming from you to us?" Verily no one can harm one when Allah is with him! [4] From the Confederates, Huyayy ibn Akhtab, a Khaybarian, the leader of the exiled tribe Banu Nadir, returned to Medina seeking their support against the Muslims. The Messenger of God settled the headquarters on the foot of the Mount Sal. Food was running short, and nights were colder. Both parties said, “It means what Nuaym said was true.” They cut off the relationships between them. Their pots and pans started to fly and their tents were uprooted; the horses and camels started to hit each other; people could not see one another.[39]. While the Ghatafan did not retreat they had compromised themselves by entering into negotiations with Medina, and the Confederacy's internal dissension had thereby been increased. The battle is also referred to as the Battle of Confederates (غزوة الاحزاب). Finally, the soldiers heard scream(s) which hinted decisive blows, but it was unclear which of the two was successful. 4, p. 262. Lessons from Friday dars. [11][30] Muhammad became anxious about their conduct,[31] and realised the grave potential danger the Qurayza posed. They were steadfast and resolved until the Divine aid came and enabled them to win the Battle that would not have been won had it not been for it. Thereupon, the other Jews became scared; they said, “We were informed that Muslim left the women and children alone but it was wrong.” Then, they left that place and returned. They will ask some of your notables as hostages and they will kill them in order to make peace again with Muhammad. They sometimes made fun of the Companions who worked very hard and who were examples of belief, loyalty, self-sacrifice and hard work; they also laughed in order to demoralize the believers. He at one time leaned for me and I cast a glance and at another time I leaned for him and he would see and I recognised my father as he rode on his horse with his arms towards the tribe of Quraizah.

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