Writing in 2001, Mouin Rabbani argues that the Second Intifada was merely the “inevitable conclusion” to the Oslo Accords. As Joel Singer, legal advisor to Prime Ministers Rabin and Peres and one of the chief architects of the Oslo Accords, put it, "The Palestinian policemen committed a very, very serious violation of the one of the basic principles in the agreement with Israel. Introduction The Middle East is the most penetrated sub-system of the international political system. On the other hand, there is an aspect of the current situation all too easily overlooked: that the continuation of the occupation is in … Sign up for a night of Jewish entertainment on Dec. 24, Israeli Settlements: Questions and Answers. Peter Lagerquist The Oslo accords were in tatters. The Oslo agreements even established “joint patrols” involving Israeli and Palestinian soldiers patrolling side by side to prevent terrorist attacks. For the Palestinians this was seen as an ultimate Israeli betrayal indicating that Israel never intended to come to a peace agreement. Toward this end, as early as November and December 1993, potential donor nations were gathered to commit large sums of money and an organization that was supposed to oversee the new Palestinian Authority economy–the Palestinian Economic Council for Development and Reconstruction (PECDAR)–was  formed. lamented that had he known Arafat’s real intentions in advance he would never have signed the Oslo accords, yet he failed to take the necessary measures to stop the slide into the abyss. Many incidents caused the Israeli public to wonder whether Arafat and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) had ever truly intended to lay down arms and seek negotiated peace agreements rather than armed struggle: immense arms supplies to the Palestinian Authority were made public; captured documents indicated Palestinian Authority support for terrorist infrastructures; and Palestinian policemen took up arms against Israeli soldiers. For Israelis, this was the ultimate breach of agreement, rendering it moot. Articles will be available at no charge for the month of October, 2018. From the perspective of many Israelis, the dynamics of Israeli-Palestinian relations since the signing of the Oslo agreement confirmed their worst fears: that the Oslo process would give a militant enemy the tools and launching areas for bloodthirsty terrorist attacks against Israelis. September 25, 2018 What factors led to the supposed failure of the "Peace-Process" initiated by the Oslo Accords? Factors often cited for the failure to conclude the Oslo process include: Imbalance of power between the two sides; Failure of the United States to serve as a tough but impartial mediator Endless occupation is a failure, not a success, of the Oslo Accords Since Yitzhak Rabin’s assassination, successive Israeli prime ministers have turned their backs on the Oslo process, further entrenching the occupation. You can subscribe to the Journal of Palestine Studies here, The Oslo Agreement as an Obstacle to Peace While nearly any sign of substantive progress was a welcome development in the Arab-Israeli conflict amidst the First Intifada, any serious analyst could see just how unfavorable the terms of the agreement actually were for Palestinians. Hesitation on both sides, however, derailed the process, leaving the United States and other entities once again trying to mediate an end to the Middle East conflict. 3, Spring 2001; (pp. The Oslo agreements were to assuage these fears by establishing a Palestinian Authority that would consider organizations such as Hamas and Islamic Jihad as a threat to its own existence, thus aligning Israeli interests in fighting terrorism with the interests of the Palestinian leadership. The Oslo accords are the cornerstone of what is known as the peace process. While there was no such explicit commitment in the signed agreements, Palestinians maintain that this must have been understood by the Israelis as entirely self-evident, and that such conditions would be a minimally necessary precondition for Palestinian assent to any agreement. Israeli deaths rose to 65 per year. A 1998 crackdown lowered the toll to 12. They included the first formal mutual recognition between Israel and … The main conclusion is that the Oslo accord was not doomed to failure from the start: it failed because Israel, under the leadership of the Likud, reneged on its side of the deal. Very early on during the establishment of the security services of the Palestinian Authority, it was noted by Israeli observers that the number of Palestinians in arms and the types of armaments being brought into Palestinian Authority territory were significantly exceeding the limits established by the agreements. As terrorist attacks against Israelis exacted a heavy toll in civilians killed and wounded, the entire conception that had been presented to Israelis — of the Oslo process creating efficient Palestinian security teams that would be better than Israeli soldiers in combating terrorism — collapsed. The Oslo accords had many faults, chief of which was the failure to proscribe settlement expansion while peace talks were in progress. The final selection for this virtual issue moves from previous studies of political economy and development to highlight an outstanding literary contribution to JPS. 48-63), Rocks and Rockets: Oslo’s Inevitable Conclusion The success of the Oslo process was predicated on a beneficial spiral of confidence-building measures that would bring Israelis and Palestinians ever closer to trusting in the possibility of peaceful co-existence. Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. But the agreement was not doomed to failure … A few years after the accords were signed. Les accords d'Oslo2 sont le résultat d'un ensemble de discussions menées en secret, en parallèle de celles publiques consécutives à la Conférence de Madrid de 1991, entre des négociateurs israéliens et palestiniens à Oslo en Norvège, pour poser les premiers jalons d'une résolution du conflit israélo-palestinien. The Oslo Accords, 1993. Keramati: The Oslo Accords 77 Recipe for Failure: The Impotence of the Oslo Accords. Israel unilaterally pulled out of the Gaza Strip in 2005, and soon after the terrorist group Hamas assumed control, sparking two wars. Many Israelis considered the PLO a terrorist organization, and thus would have seen the talks as violating the country’s prohibition on negotiating with terrorists.The PLO, meanwhile, from its inception had no… Then, after a good deal of hard negotiating, a second Israeli redeployment occurred outside of the larger Palestinian cities and towns in the West Bank. The failure of the Oslo agreements can be ascribed to the same reasons that are usually the cause of most agreement failures: both parties felt that Oslo had not delivered what they had expected from it. A number of factors led to mutual distrust and a loss of faith in the peace process. All Rights Reserved. September 27, 2018. 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