Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology. This paper is based on the topic of overcrowding in prisons. Releasing inmates also has an effect on communities. Judges should also be given the permission to give other types of offenders such as white color offenders the minimum sentencing. This law requires all convicted offenders to serve at least 85% of their jail terms before they can be released. Students who find writing to be a difficult task. The Supreme Court ruled that California prisons were so bad they violated the 8th amendment and CDRC needed to reduce prison population by 30,000 inmates. The study of human growth and development suggests that people are unlikely to commit crime if they are released from prison after the age of 55 years. These groups occupy a good percentage of prison space without any good reasons. The US government may also bring down the cost of justice by providing legal aid to low income earners or by cutting the cost of justice by half so that many people are able to hire advocates to represent them (Maschi, 2013). "Prison Overcrowding." March 28, 2020. It is argued that the problem cannot be solved by building more prisons alone but rather, building more prisons is just one of the many solutions to the problem. When inmates are release it can affect their communities. Although we can’t just start releasing inmates to solve prison overcrowding, we can start focusing on ways to solve this problem. When prisoners are convicted, they are sentenced for a certain period of time, after which they are released. We provide you with original essay samples, perfect formatting and styling. Historical Truth Behind Mass Incarceration In America Essay, Problems In The Prison System Of The United States Essay, The negative effects of imprisonment on the individual outweigh Essay, Sentencing Youth Offenders To Adult Prison Essay, Mass Incarceration And Black Nihilism In The United States Essay, Factors Of The Rise In Mass Incarceration In The United States Essay, Prisoners Of Conscience In Nigeria Essay. The Gerontologist, 53 (4), 543-554. Mental health issues be increased due to […] The problem of overcrowding in prisons is a global one just like terrorism and economic recession, meaning that it affects all nations of the world irrespective of their socioeconomic status. 2013. Under the current sentencing law, judges have a limited authority when it comes to exercising leniency to drug offenders because they are only allowed to give minimum sentencing to drug offenders with no criminal record. Overcrowding also means that governments spend more of tax payers’ money in keeping the prisoners in the prisons, a situation which negatively affects the economy. However, there is an opportunity to decongest the federal prisons further using this law by applying it to those who were sentenced before 2010. Students looking for free, top-notch essay and term paper samples on various topics. Retrieved from Unfortunately, your browser is too old to work on this site. Maschi, T. (2013). We can custom edit this essay into an original, 100% plagiarism free essay. The prison department has reported congestion as a significant threat to the prison systems. Some state prisons have absorbed a high number of prisoners, hence exceeding the carrying capacity of the prisons. The US is considered as a super power of the world in terms of military, political, economic, and cultural prowess. we can write an original essay just for you. Prevention of crime is wide and includes economic and social empowerment of potential offenders, provision of social welfare services to the low income earners, investing in sports to target the idle youth, and creation of more job opportunities for young people. The government may also reduce congestion in prisons by having alternative forms of sentencing for special groups such as children and mothers with small children. However, there are some drug offenders who have some criminal record but they are not necessarily a threat to public safety. The following will give an overview of overcrowding in prisons, historical background of the issue, current ethical issues employed by the concerned parties on the matter and recommendations how to effectively mitigate issue of overcrowding in prisons. Winter 2013. March 28, 2020. The same applies to many countries both in the developed and developing world. Various studies have been done on the problem of overcrowding in prisons. In 2013, over seven of the 52 states had over 25% above their normal capacity in their prisons with some states like Alabama registering over 190% above their capacity. If in the future there are more alternatives to incarceration to help reduce prison population people will be affected. A second Pew study, the following year, added another disturbing dimension to the picture, revealing that one... Susan Smith was convicted on July 22, 1995 for murdering her sons and sentenced to life in prison. Nonviolent, non-serious, non-sexual offenders are sentenced to local facilities like county jails instead of state prison. This essay critically explores the doctrines of consideration and sufficiency within the context of contract law, with references to the matter of Thomas v Thomas from 1842. All rights reserved Gradesfixer ™, “The Problem of Overcrowding in American State Prisons.”, The Problem of Overcrowding in American State Prisons [Internet]. Available from:, Recieve 100% plagiarism-Free paper just for 4.99$ on email, *Public papers are open and may contain not unique content. 2020. The high cost of the international aging prisoner crisis: well-being as the common denominator for action. Overcrowding in prisons has serious effects such as poor hygiene and increased violence in prisons as well as declining health of the inmates and prison officers. This has posed a challenge to the prison department to adequately provide the basic needs of the prisoners such as food, healthcare and accommodation. Taylor, A. Issue 4, p. 38-39. Copying content is not allowed on this website, Ask a professional writer to help you with your text, Give us your email and we'll send you the essay you need, Please indicate where to send you the sample. By clicking “Send”, you agree to our Terms of service and Privacy statement. Prison overcrowding is a serious problem all over the world. It has economic effects. There are certain issues implemented by the government by which an individual can easily sentenced to prison by a harsher penality on simple offenses.There are some common needs of the citizens, to get those common needs the citizens in take a wrong way to … In today’s economy keeping people in prison is becoming an ugly, expensive mess. As a result, many people end up being convicted and imprisoned at the pre-trial stages. Boosta Ltd - 10 Kyriakou Matsi, Liliana building, office 203, 1082, Nicosia, Cyprus. 2018 Nov 15 [cited 2020 Nov 6]. Even though the government can’t just start releasing prisoners that haven’t served their full sentences to reduce the populations, the cost of incarceration, the health and safety of inmates and staff, and the affect that overcrowding has on communities are all issues that cannot be put on a back burner. IvyPanda. Under normal circumstances, the rate at which prisoners are released should be the same as the rate at which new prisoners are convicted. Issue 2. p 46-57. When people take each other to the courts and some get jailed, the possibility of creating enmity becomes high as opposed to when they use these alternatives (Great Britain Parliament, 2005). Type: A total of 1,598,780 adults were incarcerated in county jails and federal and state prisons at the end of 2011, according to Urban Institute. Another effective strategy for solving the problem of overcrowding in prisons is to invest heavily in prevention of crime. By clicking Send Me The Sample you agree on the. So many of them revert to selling drugs, stealing, or worse to manage. Prison Math. Alternative programs for offenders in lieu of prison or inmate programs that help rehabilitate offenders and prepare them for re-entry could also help prison overcrowding. 20 Issue 1, p 50-62. If these statistics are anything to go by, then the problem should not only be seen as a regional but as a global problem just like terrorism and economic recession. Prisoners spend their nights crowded in the single room. The probation system cannot solve the whole overcrowding problem but could help immensely. According to this law, crack and powder cocaine users were liable for different jail terms, with crack users facing a longer jail term than powder cocaine users. Sentence fewer offenders?. Help. Mental health issues be increased due to being in an overcrowded prison. Such offenders do not qualify for minimum sentencing due to their criminal record. It is only then a lasting solution could be found because countries would be able to assist each other in dealing with the problem. If the programs could be streamlined and expanded, then more prisoners would be able to undergo through them and get released earlier. Get a verified writer to help you with Prison Overcrowding. Such failures may mean that the criminal justice systems are reactive instead of being proactive. Prison Overcrowding. However, it is not usually the case since in many cases; the rate at which prisoners are released is far much lower than the rate at which others are convicted. Volume 13. Actually, majority of governments are preoccupied with protection of citizens to the extent of failing to balance between the cost of protecting citizens and the cost of overcrowding in prisons. Since of this many individuals turn to offering unlawful compounds, gangs are controlling the communities and the murder rate is high. Vol. To illustrate how big the problem of overcrowding in prisons is, I will use the US as a case study. Most of them have found that the problem is actually a global one because it cuts across all the economies, the poor and the rich alike. However, before the law came into force, many drug offenders used to be given shorter jail terms or were jailed on probation basis where they would work in the community and report to the authorities on regular basis. In some cases, the cost of justice is above reach by many people both in the developed and developing countries. However, when it comes to the problem of overcrowding in prisons, the US is among countries which are adversely affected by the problem. By having alternative programs available to offenders, who meet certain criteria it will help with the prison overcrowding problem that much of the United States continues to have a serious problem with. IvyPanda. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy, Categories Crime, Crime And Punishment, Criminal Justice, Criminal Justice System, Law, Society, This research paper is to explore the impact of prison overcrowding. Bristol: Policy Press. A number of impacts are the product of the overcrowded prisons. IvyPanda, 28 Mar. July/Aug 2013. People who are economically and socially empowered are less likely to engage in crime than those who are not and therefore, countries which invest in prevention of crime are able to reduce congestion in their prisons by being proactive instead of being reactive.

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