Login on the desktop to upload your own pictures! Groupers are solitary carnivores that hunt near the bottom usually at dusk. The Potato Grouper is found in the Indo-West Pacific region growing up to 200cm in length. It's been illegal to harvest the friendly and curious goliath grouper fish for the past 27 years. Small rays, crabs, fish, squid, lobster or octopus. (demersal matching). They feed on crabs, reef fish, skates and spiny lobsters. 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T132773A100561780.en, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Potato_grouper&oldid=985690664, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 October 2020, at 11:16. For instance, the lantern fish -- talk about creepy! Eddie our Potato grouper can be found in our Endless Oceans tank. Captive specimens have been induced to change sex from female to male so the potato grouper may, like other groupers, be a protogynous hermaphrodite. The Potato bass, Epinephelus tukula also known as the potato cod or potato grouper is one of the larger members of the cod family.The potato bass is an elongate and very robust fish with a very large mouth.The background color is light grey with large brown potato shaped blotches, hence its name. Juveniles may be found in tide pools. - WHATSTHATFISH.com. It is these features that make the potato cod highly susceptible to overfishing. Length - 200cm There are smaller blotches on the head. The potato cod features in Asia-Pacific fish markets where it is a valued buy. [4] This is a large and robust species of grouper which attains a maximum published length of 200 centimetres (79 in) and a weight of 110 kilograms (240 lb). The juveniles prefer the shallow water and are often found in tidal pools on the reef, while the adults are found at depths between 10 to 150 metres (33 to 492 ft). Potato cod (Image: © Shannon Conway). Ref: https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Epinephelus-tukula, Length: 200cm Depth: 5-400m Found: Indo-West Pacific Eats: crabs, fish, skates, spiny lobsters Family: Sea Basses-Groupers-Fairy Basslets Scientific Family: Serranidae. The potato grouper has a standard length which is 2.9 to 3.5 times its depth. It has a wide Indo-Pacific distribution. Also known as Black-spotted Rockcod, Brown-marbled Grouper, Brown-marbled Reefcod, Cod, Hind, Potato Bass, Potato Cod, Potato Rockcod, Rockcod, Trout, Edit fish details The head has smaller brown spots with streaks radiating out from the eye. [8], The potato grouper is exploited by local and artisanal fisheries throughout its range and although it appears in the live food fish trade in Hong Kong and China it is not popular there. Also known as the Black-spotted Rockcod. They are solitary and usually remain within their home range. Maybe I'll just say on the beach this year... galen84basc October 11, 2010 . Some of the largest adults have been reported to be almost entirely black. They are ambush predators which prey on small rays, crabs, fish, squid, octopuses and spiny lobsters. Potato cod have been known to get super friendly with divers who visit regularly, even growing accustomed to hand feeding. Potato rockcod, grouper, potato bass, potato grouper. © 2020 Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development. The preopercle is rounded or subangular and it has slightly enlarged serrations at its corner while the gill cover has a straight upper margin. This is the largest of the Grouper family and get its name from the dark blotches on its body that look at bit like the eyes on a potato! [2] There are 11 spines and 14-15 soft rays in the dorsal fin and three spines and eight rays in the anal fin. As an inquisitive and slow moving fish, this cod is susceptible to overfishing and is easily speared or caught by line fishing. The Government of Western Australia acknowledges the traditional custodians throughout Western Australia and their continuing connection to the land, waters and community. In Australia it is found off north-western coast of Western Australia and along the Great Barrier Reef off Queensland. Upload them now! Weight to 110kg Habitat deep reef channels. Potato Grouper, Potato Rockcod Size length to 2m. Figure 2. As a protected species in all Australian waters, the potato cod must be returned to the water immediately if caught. Spawning is seasonal and controlled by the moons phase. It further occurs off western India and Sri Lanka east into the Pacific where it reaches as far east as the Solomon Islands, north to southern Japan and south to Australia. Widespread Indo-West Pacific Poster: Marine Habitats of Western Australia, Fishy Fun Activity: Who am I? Ooh, you get the creepiest looking animals in the aphotic zone. Coral reef habitats exposed to currents, such as channels or seamounts. Found singly around bommies in deep reef channels over current prone areas of coastal lagoons and seaward reefs. Rather, it is in protected areas such as marine parks, reserves and sanctuary zones that the species thrives. It is commonest along the coast of eastern Arica from the Red Sea to KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa and around the Indian Ocean islands of Madagascar, Seychelles, Mauritius and Réunion. Potato rockcod, grouper, potato bass, potato grouper. See Google Images, Also known as Black-spotted Rockcod, Brown-marbled Grouper, Brown-marbled Reefcod, Cod, Hind, Potato Bass, Potato Cod, Potato Rockcod, Rockcod, Trout. As a result, the species is irregular in its distribution and not often seen in areas open to fishing. Pale brownish grey with dark brown black widely spaced blotches. Juveniles found in tidepools. Aggregations of smaller fishes have been observed but it is not known of this species aggregates to spawn. Depth range 10m - 150m Food reef fish, crabs, spiny lobsters Range The Potato Rockcod is found on coral reefs of the Indo-West Pacific. The caudal fin is rounded. Potato cod identifying features (Image: Department of Fisheries). An ambush predator, the potato cod hides behind coral bombies waiting for prey to pass. The head has smaller brown spots with streaks radiating out from the eye. Ref: https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Epinephelus-tukula. Coral reef habitats exposed to currents, such as channels or seamounts. The Rowley Shoals are a well known haunt for potato cod – be sure to check the channels and coral outcrops if  lucky enough to be in the water at this spectacular marine destination! But it should be noted that they can be potentially dangerous, aggressive and territorial! The potato grouper are found in coral reefs in the channels in the reefs and around sea mounts in areas where there is a strong current. Morgans of the East African Fisheries Research Organization at Zanzibar[7] with the type locality given as Mafia Island in Tanzania. Widely distributed in Indo-Pacific tropical and subtropical waters from the Red Sea to the Solomon Islands. Its massive size and homebody nature draws divers who are looking for a story to tell about their underwater adventure. It has a slightly convex region between the eyes and the dorsal profile of the head is straight. [3] The membranes between the dorsal fin spines are notched. (edit) This is a huge and friendly fish who is very inquisitive to divers [3] The juveniles prefer the shallow water and are often found in tidal pools on the reef, while the adults are found at depths between 10 to 150 metres (33 to 492 ft). The potato grouper (Epinephelus tukula), also called the potato cod or potato bass, is a species of marine ray-finned fish, a grouper from the subfamily Epinephelinae which is part of the family Serranidae, which also includes the anthias and sea basses. Potato Grouper (Epinephelus tukula) – Conservation Status: Least Concern. They reach sexual maturity at 90 to 99 centimetres (35 to 39 in) and a weight of 16 to 18 kilograms (35 to 40 lb), at approximately 12 years of age. Created to help individuals around the world identify tropical fish Resources are free to access and use - or create an account to save and share your favourites with colleagues and friends and receive updates from our Community Education team. The captivating potato cod is truly a giant of the fish kingdom. [1] It is protected in South Africa[2] and in Australia.[9]. [5], The potato grouper are found in coral reefs in the channels in the reefs and around sea mounts in areas where there is a strong current. There are no records of injury caused by this cod, however being a large fish with powerful jaws, inexperienced divers should exercise caution. Dark lines radiate out from the eyes and there are small dark spots on the fins. Browser Sidebar for easier navigation and searching. Depth - 5-400m [2] This species is pale brownish-grey in overall colour and it is covered in large dark widely separated blotches. [3] The dark blotches on the body are thought to resemble potatoes in shape and thus give rise to the common name. Found singly around bommies in deep reef channels over current prone areas of coastal lagoons and seaward reefs. Juveniles are found in shallow tidal pools whilst adults are found between depths of 10-150 m. Colour. IAN Symbol Libraries - Download all (or a custom set) of the vector illustrations in our image library. The INSIDER team believes that life is an adventure!

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