This lost-fertility is normally replaced (to a degree) via imported fertilizers. These deregulatory measures, designed to help fossil fuel companies, and their market, are undercut by the fact that consumers save money with energy efficiency regulation such as fuel mileage standards with vehicles, and there is a growing demand for, cars with high fuel efficiency. It seems to my mind that the question of true sustainability is largely one of how complex the arrangements that a city/country/individual are dependant upon are, and how much control one has over said arrangements — or, to put it another way, how stable those arrangements are. A good example of a nationwide electric car adoption is Norway, which already has about 1/3 of its population driving electric cars (the Netherlands, Sweden and France are examples of countries with a higher percentage of electric cars on the road than the U.S.). It was one of the first cities to market itself as “green” in a 1980s advertising campaign. Cleaner city air and cleaner urban environment. I think he’s aware of his voting record. Also, the issue of replacing imported fertilizers is an important one, and one that there’s not really a great cost-effective solution to. CleanTechnica is the #1 cleantech-focused news & analysis website in the US & the world, focusing primarily on electric cars, solar energy, wind energy, & energy storage. Water is conserved by a variety of means including the cleaning and recycling of gray (previously used) water and the installation of building-by-building catchments for rainwater. This public consensus view can be extrapolated from these following recent surveys of public opinion by the Pew Research Center. “About half the world’s power will be generated by wind and solar resources by 2050. How effectively the city plans and prepares for the future is obviously decisive. Reducing environmental pollution, urban air, water, and land pollution; including reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and thus helping to reduce the threat anthropogenic climate change poses to life on the planet. Localized Food Production — A substantial proportion of the food being consumed in the city should be produced within the city itself or in the immediate surroundings. This letter to Representative Davidson states reasons for Representative Warren Davidson to oppose loosening of environmental regulations b the EPA. Here is a chart illustrating some of the negative externalities of coal (in the Appalachian region, US): Full description and explanations of the negative externalities found in the chart found here:  https://skepticalscience.com. By others, In addition to a federal and/or state carbon tax or emission trading system, all cities with a population of over 1 million people would have a flat rate congestion fee, for those who sill wish to drive cars in the city. ", There is ample evidence of increased public support for renewable energy, energy efficiency, mass transportation, and fuel emission standards in cars. The targets include improving energy efficiency by 35 percent, ensuring 80 percent of its buildings are certified green, and having 80 percent of households be within a 10-minute walk to a train station. by Sponsored Content. Clean, readily available water supplies are a growing concern for growing cities. According to the EIA, “The levelized cost of energy generation from solar (and wind, and other renewable energy sources) will be much lower than coal within 5 years.” - from: https://www.eia.gov/outlooks/aeo/pdf/electricity_generation.pdf. It's a complicated question because sustainability itself is difficult to define. Indoor environmental quality addresses the issues that influence how the individual feels in a space and involves such features as the sense of control over personal space, ventilation, temperature control, and the use of materials that do not emit toxic gases." All of these deregulations will save companies, and even consumers, money in the short-run, however these measures will be quickly offset by costs of damage to the environment and public health. Consider becoming a CleanTechnica member, supporter, or ambassador — or a patron on Patreon. Congressman Warren Davidson’s 0% environmental voting record can be found with the LCV link below, and a partial list of his distinctly anti-environmental votes in Congress are partially listed here, via the LCV. Policy changes that favor the environment that are needed in Congress, are also needed at the state and local level. In many cases, smart city spending is focused on transportation such as highways, policing and security, city services, cost reduction and management of infrastructure. The types of solar energy production that are on par or cheaper than coal with CCS are utility-scale solar, and community solar – the first of which provides energy to utilities, the second of which essentially acts as a micro-grid, and replaces the utility. Contact us here. As an example, while photovoltaics are certainly of great utility and no doubt have a place in the energy infrastructure of many regions/cities throughout the world, there’s no doubt that their manufacture and use depends heavily upon complex supply/trade chains, cheap international shipping, and relatively rare/expensive resources, amongst other things. The incorporation of earth shelters, roof gardens, and extensive planting throughout and around buildings is encouraged. In order to develop a sustainable world, human behavior must change, and people must become more eco-conscious faster than the climate is changing, in order to positively change the dynamics of human-climate interactions in the world. The cost of producing energy with a renewable fuel vs. fossil fuels is dramatically lower when just the cost of producing electricity is considered (see chart from the US EIA and DOE below). However, the use of natural gas, the clean energy technology (although not a renewable energy source) of nuclear energy generation, as well as coal (hopefully under IGCC or CSS systems, are all only gradually decreasing in use for production of energy for the planet (versus being outright discontinued). 7, [2] https://www.nrdc.org/experts/rhea-suh/environment-under-attack-trump-addresses-congress, [5] https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2017/03/29/trumps-rollback-of-obamas-environmental-legacy-is-all-kinds-of-unpopular/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.3d998601472b, [6] https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2017/02/tau-american-samoa-solar-power-microgrid-tesla-solarcity/, [7] https://www.npr.org/sections/money/2013/07/22/204550565/how-americans-get-to-work-in-2-graphs, [8] https://www.greencarreports.com/news/1108483_hybrid-market-share-peaked-in-2013-down-since-then, [9]https://evannex.com/blogs/news/here-comes-the-electric-vehicle-revolution, 10/11 http://en.envirocitiesmag.com/articles/sustainable-transportation-for-sustainable-cities/electric-powered-public-transport-in-portland.php, / https://ngtnews.com/portland-general-electrics-transportation-electrification-plan-moves-forward, [12] https://www.britannica.com/technology/LEED-standards, [13] Joan Fitzgerald, Emerald Cities, Oxford, University Press, 2010, pgs. 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